外語行天下 / 英語習題 / 把握大概原則,讓一般過去時和現在進行時...

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把握大概原則,讓一般過去時和現在進行時的題目成為送分題

2020-12-02  外語行天下

    現在進行時表示動作的暫時性,而一般現在時表示動作的習慣性和經常性,所以判斷的關鍵是看動作發生的頻率,通常我們可以從句中的時間狀語來判斷,掌握了這個大概規律,在考試的時候,所有這類的題目基本上都是送分題。

    一、用所給動詞的一般現在時或是現在進行時填空

    1. The children _____ (play) outside now.

    2. She usually _____ (read) the newspaper in the morning.

    3. I _____ (do) my homework now.

    4. _____ (you / want) to come with me?

    5. I _____ (not / like) spaghetti.

    6. He _____ (write) a letter to his pen-friend every month.

    7. The baby _____(sleep) now.

    8. My mother usually _____ (cook) dinner in the evening.

    9. Mary _____ (listen) to music now.

    10. We _____ (go) to the disco tonight.

    11. _____ (he / go) to work by bus everyday?

    12. What time _____ (you / get up) in the morning?

    13. How often _____ (your brother / take) a shower?

    14. Where _____ (you / work) at present?

    15. Listen! somebody _____.

    二、用所給動詞的一般現在時或是現在進行時填空

    1. Let's go out. It _____ (not/rain) now.

    2. Julia is very good at languages. She _____ (speak) four languages very well.

    3. Hurry up! Everybody _____ (wait) for you.

    4. _____ (you/listen) to the radio? No, you can turn it off.

    5. _____ (you/listen) to the radio every day? No, just occasionally.

    6. The River Nile _____ (flow) into the Mediterranean.

    7. Look at the river. It _____ (flow) very fast today - much faster than usual.

    8. We usually _____ (grow) vegetables in our garden but this year we
    _____ (not/grow) any.

    9. How is your English? Not bad. It _____ (improve) slowly.

    10. Ron is in London at the moment. He _____ (stay) at the Park Hotel. He _____ (always/stay) there when he's in London.

    11. Can we stop walking soon? I _____ (start) to feel tired.

    12. Can you drive? I _____ (learn). My father _____ (teach) me.

    13. Normally I _____ (finish) work at 5.00, but this week I _____ (work) until 6.00 to earn a bit more money.

    14. My parents _____ (live) in Bristol. They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. Where _____ (your parents/live)?

    15. Sonia _____ (look) for a place to live. She _____ (stay) with her sister until she finds somewhere.

    三、用表中所給動詞的一般現在時或現在進行時填空

    enjoy

    laugh

    talk

    get

    look

    make

    spend

    hate

    tend

    wear

    1. When children become teenagers, they _____ more time with their friends.

    2. Rick admires those girls who _____ red dresses.

    3. I agree that Jane is a good person to be with, but she _____ to be aggressive now and again.

    4. Mary _____ going to parties and she herself often gives one as well.

    5. The kids _____ along well with each other now, but they may start to quarrel anytime.

    6. Susan _____ waiting, so don't keep her waiting no matter what the reason is.

    7. What I really like about Mellisa is that she _____ amazing cakes.

    8. Tracy has just been to the hairdresser's, but her hair _____ as if it hasn't been done.

    9. I don't know what or who she _____ at. I don't think there is anything funny.

    四、用表中所給的詞的正確形式填空(x2 代表可以用兩次)

    Do (x2)
    Wash
    Study
    Work
    Wear
    Take
    Have
    Run
    Want
    Like
    Dislike
    Design
    Open
    Close
    Be

    1. My father _____ as an architect. At the moment he _____ a living room.

    2. Anna and I _____ (not often) the bus to school but today we _____ to arrive early.

    3. Look! Peter _____ the dishes although he _____ doing daily chores .

    4. My sister has a very important exam, so she _____ hard these days.

    5. Sandra _____ a jacket today in case it rains.

    6. Banks _____ at 9am and _____ at 7pm but holiday schedules _____ different.

    7. Tina isn’t at home at the moment. She _____ a walk with her mother.

    8. Sophie and Kate _____ three times a week because they _____ exercising.

    9. My brother always _____ his homework after dinner but today he _____ it earlier.

    五、選擇正確的一般現在時或是現在進行時來完成句子

    1. It usually _____ (doesn't rain, is rainning) in this time of the year, yet it _____ (is raining, rains) right now.
    2. My father _____ (works, is working) as a teacher. He _____ (teaches, is teaching) English.
    3. Jane often _____ (plays, is playing) basketball after school, but he _____ (doesn't want, isn't wanting) to play today.
    4. I _____ (am drinking, drink) coffee right now, but I actually _____ (prefer, am prefering) tea.
    5. Every day I _____ (am driving, drive) to work. It _____ (takes, is taking) half an hour.
    6. The children _____ (are sleeping, sleep) in their bedrooms at present. They usually _____ (take, are taking) a nap at around this time.
    7. I still _____ (have, am having) a pain in my arm, but it _____ (is getting, gets) better.
    8. I almost always _____ (am travelling) by car when I _____ (am going, go) on a vacation.
    9. Our neighbors aren't French. I _____ (am believing, believe) they _____ (are coming, come) from Belgium.
    10. Every afternoon, my son _____ (is having, has) lunch in the school cafeteria and he _____ (reads, is reading) a book in the backyard.
    六、答案、參考翻譯及解析

    題一:

    1. are playing

    孩子們現在正在外面玩。

    解析:看到時間副詞 now 的第一反應就是用現在進行時,表示暫時的動作。

    2. reads

    她通常早上看報紙。

    解析:看到頻度副詞 usually 的第一反應是用一般現在時,類似的頻度副詞還有 always,normally,often,sometimes,occasionally / infrequently / seldom,rarely / hardly ever 和 never.

    3. am doing

    我現在正在做作業。

    解析:同題1。

    4. Do you want

    你想和我一起去嗎?

    解析:want 通常不用于進行時。

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